Effects of Gum Disease
Gum disease is a progressive disease. When it begins, it does so silently. Symptoms such as irritated, inflamed gums that bleed when you brush and floss are often mistaken for aggressive brushing. As it progresses, it only gets worse. Gum disease requires professional treatment, and we at Cassity Implants and Periodontics can provide that treatment, with state of the art dental equipment and the latest techniques. However, if you ignore gum disease, you could be faced with some serious consequences.
Gum RecessionWhen your gums become irritated, they become inflamed. When your gums are inflamed, they pull away from your teeth. Normally, your gums are snug against your teeth, creating a protective seal. Inflammation, however, causes pockets into which bacteria can fall. As bacteria continue to attack, the pockets become deeper, and the tissue that pulls away from your teeth dies, resulting in a receding gum line.
Bone LossWhen bacteria are stuck in your periodontal pockets, they start attacking your jawbone. Eventually, the bone mass begins to disappear, which then alters the shape of your jaw. This can lead to several significant issues, such as uneven tooth wear and problems with your temporomandibular joint.
Missing TeethNot only is the jawbone attacked, but the bacteria also attack the structures that support your teeth. Much like your bone, these structures begin to weaken, which means that they can no longer hold your teeth firmly in place. Coupled with the loss of your gum tissue, teeth become dangerously loose, and ultimately fall out.
Respiratory IssuesGum disease doesn’t only cause oral health issues. In fact, it can be harmful to your entire body. If you have gum disease and breathe through your mouth, you could end up with some rather serious respiratory issues. This is because when you breathe in through your mouth, you are also breathing in harmful oral bacteria. The warm, moist environment of your lungs is the perfect breeding ground for bacteria.
Heart DiseaseWhen bacteria attack your jawbone, they can enter your bloodstream. Your body responds to bacteria by creating an inflammatory response. The bacteria in your bloodstream could attach to the fatty plaques in your coronary arteries, thus creating an inflammatory response to this area. This could result in heart disease or even a heart attack.
DiabetesThose who have diabetes are much more likely to suffer from gum disease. This is because there are more sugars in your mouth, which provides the perfect food for oral bacteria. Controlling your blood sugar is important to preventing gum disease. However, gum disease can make it difficult for you to control your blood sugar. If you have both diabetes and gum disease, you could be faced with serious diabetic complications.
Preterm ChildbirthYou are already aware that smoking and drinking can have a negative impact on your pregnancy, and can lead to preterm childbirth and low birthweight. New evidence points to gum disease also contributing to these problems. There have been studies done that show gum disease triggers increased levels of biological fluids, which then induce labor. The worse your gum disease during pregnancy, the more likely you are to experience a preterm labor or a baby with a low birthweight.
If you suspect you have gum disease, don’t ignore it. Call Cassity Implants and Periodontics today to schedule your consultation.