Linkage Between Gum Disease and Heart Disease
Researchers in the 21st century determined that chronic inflammation increases the odds of suffering from heart disease. Chronic inflammation tends to promote plaque formation on the arterial walls. When plaque flakes off the walls, it triggers clot formation and increases the risk of stroke and heart attack. Observational studies have demonstrated the association between gum disease and heart disease
How Gum Disease Leads to Heart Disease
Periodontitis and gingivitis are the two prime forms of gum disease. Gingivitis causes inflammation of gum tissue whereas periodontitis results in infected pockets. Periodontitis has been linked to a heightened danger of cardiovascular disease.
Bacteria found in the gum tissues due to poor oral care escapes into the circulatory system and hence results in heart infection and chronic low-level inflammation that affects the heart vessels. This can trigger endocarditis and coronary artery disease. The situation is worse where artificial valves are in place.
Individuals with gum disease have about two to three times higher risk of developing stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular events. Periodontal disease symptoms include receding gums, inflamed gums, mouth sores, persistent halitosis, bleeding gums, and loose teeth.
Preventing Gum Disease
Prevention, as well as treatment of gum disease, is a straightforward process. Long-term prevention entails making regular trips to the dentist. Practicing proper oral hygiene is also crucial and should be done at least two times daily.
It is highly recommended to visit the dentist twice yearly or every six months for cleaning and evaluation purposes irrespective of your health status. Flossing should also be done after brushing. A healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits should be encouraged. Food rich in omega-3 is also recommended since it aids in significantly reducing inflammation.
You can always reach out to our trusted dental professionals for all your dental concerns. Schedule an appointment with our dentists today and enjoy our expertise in handling dental problems.